Annotated Bibliography (5 entries)

Paget-Seekins, Laurel. “Atlanta: Unsafe at any Speed: Transit Fatality Raises Issues of Race, Poverty and Transportation Justice.” Race, Poverty & the Environment, no. 1, 2012, p. 22. EBSCOhost, ezproxy.gsu.edu/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=edsjsr&AN=edsjsr.41762530&site=eds-live. Laurel Paget-Seekins, a woman who has lived in Atlanta without a car for seven years and holds a Ph.D. in Civil Engineering, recounts the 2011 conviction of Raquel Nelson after her four-year-old son was killed by a hit-and-run driver in this 2012 scholarly research article. Paget-Seekins reveals that Nelson, an African American single mother with three young children and no car, was attempting to cross a busy Cobb County highway with her children to reach the first of two busses, that took them to and from the grocery store, when the drunk driver struck them. Before being granted a retrial, Nelson was sentenced to serve three years in prison. Once he was caught, the driver only received six-months jail time, although he confessed to being under the influence and had been convicted twice in the past for hit-and-runs. Paget-Seekins includes Raquel Nelson’s tragic story in this article to paint a picture of problems that exist in Atlanta such as inadequate public transportation available to the poor in suburban areas, underfunding of transit, scarce transportation infrastructure in car dominated areas, and a continuation of the long history of race and class divisions. Laurel Paget-Seekins’ status as a highly educated, prosperous member of the community, that relies solely on public transportation to get around, gives her the ability to see the community from the perspectives of the affluent and the impoverished simultaneously. In my opinion, her capacity to empathize with groups of people that are incognizant of each other’s lives, along with her expertise in civil engineering, substantiates her criticisms and suggestions because it supports the assumption that the peer reviewed article should be predominately unbiased. This source explains that Atlanta’s suburbs originated during the civil rights movement as a response to the desegregation of Atlanta. Racism was the foundation of these suburbs when they were born. As they grew, racial discrimination was a significant factor in the shaping of the built environment and continues to impact the built environment today. Most significantly, the suburbs of Cobb County declined the offer to be connected to Atlanta by the MARTA rail line because they did not want to give poor African Americans access to their white only communities. The prevalence of racial discrimination has decreased considerably. Cobb County was only 56% white in 2010 when Raquel Nelson’s son was killed, however public transportation remains scarce and unsafe to access without a car. It is apparent that racial discrimination still affects the built environment of the Cobb County suburbs to some degree. Cobb County and other metro Atlanta suburbs plan to expand their public transportation services, but the plans seem to be aimed at benefiting middle-class white collar workers by giving the option to take public transit into Atlanta for work instead of driving. The low-income residents of Cobb County without cars, like Raquel Nelson, will likely not benefit from the transit expansions as a result of insufficient pedestrian infrastructure and unreliable bus services. I selected this source to be part of my research because it is very closely related to my research’s overarching theme of analyzing the impact of Atlanta’s large economic gap on transportation and the shaping of the built environment.

 

Khoeini, Sara and Randall Guensler. “Using Vehicle Value as a Proxy for Income: A Case Study on Atlanta’s I-85 HOT Lane.” Research in Transportation Economics, vol. 44, no. Road Pricing in the United States, 01 June 2014, pp. 33-42. EBSCOhost, doi:10.1016/j.retrec.2014.04.003. High-occupancy toll lanes (HOTs) are commonly referred to as “Lexus Lanes,” to suggest that a Lexus owner would pay the fee to use the lane. In their article, Sara Khoeini and Randall Guensler record the Georgia Institute of Technology experiment, investigating the socioeconomic impact of Atlanta’s HOTs, explaining their methodology for collecting data and sharing their findings. This experiment on the I-85 HOT lanes differs from previous experiments on the socioeconomic impacts of HOT because vehicle value is used as a substitute for income. Using vehicle value to obtain results instead of income is less expensive and takes less time, therefore the researchers used the evaluation of the socioeconomic impact of HOT lanes to test the accuracy of using vehicle value for the calculations. The final results revealed that high-income commuters use the HOT lanes twice as much as the lowest-income commuters, but the lowest-income commuters are still using the HOT lane commonly, undermining the validity of the term “Lexus Lane”. The statement, “one of the reasons behind converting the HOV lane into an HOT lane was that the existing carpool lane was becoming congested like its general purpose lane counterparts,” suggests that congestion during commuting peak periods is increasing. The congestion caused by suburban commuters is influencing the shape of the built environment of Atlanta by demanding congestion relief projects, such as the implementation of HOT lanes. I chose this source because it provides evidence that suggests that the creation of HOT lanes is one of very few congestions relief options currently executable. The absence of many viable traffic relief solutions shines light on the possibility that public transportation will have an increased impact on the built environment by expanding to lighten commuting traffic. The article is written in such exceptional detail that the experiment could very likely be replicated using only the article. The meticulous, objective writing, present throughout most of the article, along with article’s status as peer reviewed gives me no reason to question the credibility of Khoeini and Guensler.

 

Ross, Catherine L., et al. “Health Impact Assessment of the Atlanta Beltline.” American Journal of Preventive Medicine, vol. 42, no. 3, Mar. 2012, pp. 62-213. EBSCOhost, doi:10.1016/j.amepre.2011.10.019. Catherine L. Ross’ in depth analysis of the Atlanta BeltLine is separated by theme into eleven sections, but I limited my research down to the fifth section titled “Access and Social Equity.” Ross begins by explaining the BeltLine as a redevelopment of underused land, through the creation of paved trails, increasing pedestrian accessibility and connecting people to destinations such as health clinics and public schools. She then evaluates data related to the parks, trails, transit, and redevelopment placing the results, in the form of calculated indicators of the project’s results in different areas, into tables. The products of her evaluations, displayed in the tables, revealed that improvements in accessibility and other benefits of the project are distributed unequally geographically and demographically. In all cases, the percentages of the populations from the Southeast, Southwest, and Westside planning areas that will have access to the benefits of the BeltLine are significantly less than the percentages of populations of the Northside and Northeast planning areas. It is extremely improbable that the Northside and Northeast planning areas, comprised almost entirely of people with the highest median income, will accidentally feature superior accessibility for a much higher percentage of residents than the other planning areas with majority low-income residents. A comparison of maps included in this study clearly illustrates unequal access to the readers, one map showing Beltline access to grocery stores and the other showing average median household income. In Laurel Paget-Seekins’ article cited above, it is shown that insufficient pedestrian infrastructure providing access to grocery stores is a huge problem for low-income families without cars. The issues discussed in this article are related to the findings of the study, “The Fading American Dream: Trends in Absolute Income Mobility Since 1940” because it demonstrates the impact of income inequality on the changes to the build environment as high-income areas are provided with higher quality infrastructure than low-income areas. In turn, the lack of quality infrastructure in low-income areas, where pedestrian infrastructure makes a greater impact, enforces the income inequality gap in Atlanta. Ross’ work is highly credible, seeing as she is an internationally recognized expert on the topics discussed in this study and has received high honors, including being selected to advise the Obama Administration in the subject of urban affairs.

 

Chetty, Raj and Nathaniel Hendren. “The Fading American Dream: Trends in Absolute Income Mobility Since 1940,” NBER Working Paper Series, Working Paper 23002, Apr. 2015, http://www.equality-of-opportunity.org/assets/documents/nbhds_exec_summary.pdf. Accessed 21 Mar. 2017. The version of this study referenced for my investigation is the executive summary of the full-length paper, written by the same authors, condensing the eighty-seven-page account into six pages. The summary familiarizes readers with the researchers’ methodologies and findings. In this study, Chetty and Hendren analyze the tax records of over five million children who, at some point, relocated to a different county to examine the impact that the neighborhood a child grows up in has on their income as an adult. The data, available for the public to download, is used to verify the claim that hometowns significantly affect children’s future chances for upward economic mobility and calculate the estimated effect of each county in America on a child’s probable economic mobility. Analysis of the findings of the study reveals that many of qualities found to decrease rates of upward economical mobility are present in Atlanta. Atlanta has a lot of segregation by class and race, the highest level of income inequality in the county, high rates of violent crime, and more African American residents than residents of any other race. Therefore, the information in this article helps explain what caused Atlanta’s income inequality ratio to rank the highest in the country. In connection to the article “Atlanta: Unsafe at any Speed: Transit Fatality Raises Issues of Race, Poverty and Transportation Justice,” public transportation’s shortcomings in Atlanta seem to have been caused by the presence of factors Chetty and Hendren show to hurt economic mobility. These shortcomings also appear to be perpetuating income inequality, by causing increases in factors such as segregation by race and class. The highly awarded authors both hold Ph.D.’s in economics from prestigious universities, Chetty from Harvard University and Hendren from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. In addition to this, the study receives credibility because it has been widely cited. The study seems to be primarily objective, due to its heavy involvement with numerical records. Their suggestions for improving rates of economic mobility are not necessarily without flaw, but the research their study is comprised of could help policymakers enact plans to improve the rates. This source is valuable to my research because it shows how aspects of the built environment can contribute to economic success.

 

Berube, Alan, “All Cities Are Not Created Unequal.” Brookings. Brookings Institution, 20 Feb. 2014. Web. Accessed 21 Mar. 2017. Alan Berube, senior fellow and deputy director at the Brookings Institution Metropolitan Policy Program, discusses the issue of income inequality throughout large United States cities in this article. The raw data complied from the U.S. Census Bureau, ranking the cities by an inequality ratio, is given in the attached appendix and is used by Berube as a basis for comparing inequality across the cities. Although this data is from 2012, it is the newest compilation of U.S. Census Bureau data ranking cities by inequality that I could find. It is not proof that Atlanta currently holds the title of number one in terms of income inequality, but it does show that Atlanta has a very large gap between the highest incomes and the lowest. The Brookings Institute is a non-profit organization formed over one-hundred years ago with a reputation for having a central to slightly left-leaning political stance. However, an academic study ranked Brookings at a fifty-three on a scale from one to one-hundred, with one begin most conservative and one-hundred most liberal, giving the impression that they try to prevent political bias. The article seems to take a somewhat liberal stance on the issue of income inequality, referencing the prominence of income inequality in Barrack Obama’s list of campaign issues. Therefore, I will reference the U.S. Census Bureau data complied by Berube, as opposed to referencing his analysis of the data. Statistical data proving Atlanta has a high income inequality ratio is useful as it relates to the academic study, “The Fading American Dream: Trends in Absolute Income Mobility Since 1940.” The data presented in this article allows me to accurately establish economic inequality a problem for the city of Atlanta and analyze the causes using evidence found in The Fading American Dream.

Library Office Hours Reflection

In my meeting with Ms. Madden, we went through my the questions I had about conducting research and finding sources. I explained to Ms. Madden that I had only used scholarly sources at that point, and I asked for suggestions on a method to find non-scholarly sources that are reliable. I was spending too much time reading through non-scholarly articles to then find them insufficient. She gave me an information sheet that was handed out during the library session class that I was unable to attend. She recommended searching through the databases listed on the sheet, Academic Search Complete, News & Newspapers, and Research Library, to find both scholarly and popular sources. I also expressed confusion about locating multimedia sources such as videos. Ms. Madden then showed me how to use the online library Catalog to find related video sources, and she demonstrated a search then sent me a link for reference. We then discussed the use of statistics in research and where useful sources for statistics can be found. She located a guide on finding statistics sources created by GSU librarians and emailed me the link. I told Ms. Madden that I felt like I put too much emphasis on the summaries of my sources in my annotated bibliography, and she said that using the given summaries for reference could help me limit the depth of my summaries. My meeting with Ms. Madden helped me feel more comfortable navigating through the library’s online resources and put me at a good starting point for finding diverse kinds of sources to give balance to my annotated bibliography.

This is the link to the guide on finding statistics: http://research.library.gsu.edu/statsdata

Personal Site Response: Little Five Points

As I approached the main plaza on an overcast Monday afternoon, the faint but familiar smell of cigarettes crept up my nose. The area, typically overrun by a parade of visibly well-off suburban teens and college students tasting the city life on the weekends, felt desolate in a soothing and refreshing way. I felt a surge of exuberance throughout my entire body, as I realized that today I would not be forced to endure the seven stages of grief every time I witnessed teen girls taking turns photographing each other in front of graffiti murals for Instagram. The aroma of cigarettes intensified and extended deeper into me, easing my body into deep comfort as always. The source of the smell was then laid out right before me. Five hollow-eyed men, I believed to be homeless because of their tattered attire, uneven facial scruff, and greasy hair, sat together as three took drags from cigarettes. One of the non-smokers was pouring out his soul with each strum on his acoustic guitar. The melody infiltrated my head through the weak barrier in my ears and churned my thoughts around, thickening them gradually. The rhythm of my stride synchronized with the beat of the guitarist’s boot thumping the concrete.

Homeless train kids in the Little Five Points plaza.
Source: Juvenile Justice Information Exchange

At this time, I was taken back to memories of previous experiences from the same area, Little Five Points. I recalled the countless number of homeless artists that I had encountered over the past few years in the neighborhood performing music or selling works of art. I then formed the belief that the artistic vibe Little Five Points has been emitting out into the surrounding area has served as a magnet that has attracted two main groups to the area. The first kind of people attracted have been homeless men and women who have a passion for creating art but have not succeeded in making their passion lucrative enough to support themselves. In contrast, the second kind of people attracted have been privileged middle class teenagers who have the ability to spend their parents’ money on expensive vintage, artsy fashion statements that could have been found at a thrift store for a few dollars. The day I visited, the first group was a much more common sight. I saw that there were a few other homeless men and women visible to me, some distance away from the plaza, selling handmade jewelry. The atmosphere of the plaza was that of being in a tiny but diversely populated urban park, without the grass. Essentially the plaza, located in the center of the popular section of Little Five Points, was just a small free space open to the public. The plaza space had basic amenities that were utilized mostly by the homeless, such as wooden benches that seated multiple people, trees that provided shaded covering, and lamp posts that kept the area lit at night.

A store front photo of the Pot Shop and Atlanta Police Precinct.
Source: atlantaphotos.com

The plaza existed in the space where sidewalk from the left and right had split and connected to form an irregular shaped loop. The long side of the plaza was bordered by ten of the many stores that made up the entire Little Five Points shopping district. I felt as if the rundown look featured on the exterior of many of the stores been done deliberately. I had quickly noticed that the Little Five Points shopping district housed mostly shops that sold vintage items. Therefore, I came to the conclusion that shop owners allowed for the paint to peel and embraced any vintage aesthetics available to them, to cash in on the current trend in popular culture.

Even on a slow weekday afternoon, the success Little Five Points’ capitalist ploy was very evident to me looking through the stores. The first store I observed, Crystal Blue, was a shop that sold alternative spirituality items and specialized in the sale of healing crystals. They sold everything an amateur alternative Tumblr blogger could possibly need to align their chakras and open their third eye. Of course, the shop also gave these customers easy access to moderately overpriced decorative spiritual items and accessories to prove to everyone around them that they live a truly spiritual lifestyle. There is no item that screams that message to the world more effectively than Crystal Blue’s forty-five dollar Buddha tapestry hung, in all of its glory, on the wall of a college dorm room. The variety of healing crystals that were available in the store was so great, they must have managed to hold cures to every single pain or misfortune a human being could experience.

A view of the interior of Crystal Blue centered on the main display cases.
Source: Google Street View Images

I moved on to browse my second destination, Criminal Records. When I first caught a glance of the inside of the record store, I felt like I was a kid in a candy store. The large selection of physical copies of albums laid out before me, in a neatly organized manner, impressed me. However, after doing some digging through the CDs and vinyl records sections, my opinion changed drastically. The factor that had the greatest influence in changing my opinion was the cost of a new CD or record. The price of a new record was between twenty and forty dollars on average. I felt outraged seeing the price tags so steep on new records, when that technology has been outdated for a long time. In order to listen to a record, you also need to purchase a good quality record player which could cost hundreds of dollars. The most common excuse people give to justify purchasing expensive vinyl albums with newly released music has always been the assertion that the sound quality is better. However, if a lot of money has not been invested into a high quality record player, the sound will not be able match the quality of a digital recording. Instead of breaking the bank on an expensive record player that can only play very costly and outdated media, today it seems much more logical purchase a high quality set of speakers or headphones and get digital music at a very low price. Crystal Blue and Criminal Records both seemed to be managed well in respect to the people running the programs having caught onto what has recently surged in popularity. However, it was my opinion based on observations that both businesses have put the weight of their complete economic success on the chance that consumers will continue to make economic decisions that seem illogical.

When I looked later at the price tags on some of the items available in these two stores compared to what they cost online, I found it incredible that Crystal Blue and Criminal Records have managed to consistently turn a profit and remain in business. Not only have the businesses been exclusively selling overpriced trending items, but the items also have very little practical use. While it seemed I should have been triggered by this, I could not manage to muster up even a silver of any of my expected emotional reactions such as feeling shocked or distressed. It became very clear to me, in that moment, that the big money makers and the phonies have a symbiotic relationship that has been surrounded by misunderstanding. The trend followers, who have always purchased every trending alternative fashion and lifestyle item available, have believed all along that their relationship with the manufacturing money makers was fair and mutualistic. These phonies have believed that they could buy their individuality by spending large sums of money, to assimilate to the alternative popular culture’s ideals for physical appearance, moral beliefs, and personal interests. However, their relationship has been dangerous and parasitic since the beginning. The money makers have been digging the fangs of influence into the brains of normal people, transforming them into the most favorable hosts. These leaches have swiftly rewired the neurons of once normal brains, mass populating the world with phonies through the powerful influence of social media.

A photo of identical robots for the purpose of illustrating conformity.
Source: Forbes.com

The hosts will often be allowed to collect the rewards of social acceptance and admiration that they have craved so strongly. However, the beneficial feelings bestowed upon them as their reward for conforming to mass culture are only temporary. The short-lived feeling of being admired by peers only for your physical appearance, fashion sense, and artistic tastes leaves a hole in a human being. We have a natural need to be appreciated for our personalities and our unique characteristics. The phonies feel the empty hole growing inside of themselves, but they have continued stuffing it shut with more and more trending material items. However, I believe the parasites will continue to dig deeper, spoon feeding their hosts temporary positive feelings in exchange for their money and true pure form. Unless social media, in all of its supreme influence, stops convincing the gullible hosts that by continuing the cycle their stomachs will eventually be filled.

Focused Built Environment Description: Little Five Points

As I approached the main plaza on an overcast Monday afternoon, my nose picked up a dull musty odor. The area was lightly populated, unlike on weekend days when the sidewalks are packed full of people. The smell I had noticed became sharper the closer I got to a group of five men sitting in and around a wooden bench. As I walked past the group, I noticed that three of them were puffing on lit cigarettes. One of the other men stomped his foot on a beat as he strummed an acoustic guitar covered fully in stickers, while the others talked amongst themselves. The men wore stringy, straw-like hair with straggly, unkempt beards. Their clothing appeared disheveled and unwashed. The few other people scattered around the area, visible from my vantage point, had a similar appearance to these men.

A bird’s eye view of the main plaza in the Little Five Points commercial district of Atlanta.
Source: Google Satellite Images

The main plaza was situated near the center of the small shopping and dining district called Little Five Points. If you saw the plaza from a bird’s eye view, it would be shaped like an isosceles right triangle with the tip of the ninety-degree angle rounded off. The perimeter of the plaza was made up of a straight sidewalk that merged with a curved sidewalk at the other two points on its triangle shape. The inner space between those sidewalks was the home to many individual trees surrounded by mulch in their own separate enclosures that were encircled with small metal fences. Additionally, the area contained several lamp posts, wooden benches, and trash cans scattered throughout. There were six old brick buildings painted florescent colors, hosting ten places of business within them, along the straight sidewalk of the plaza. From the outside, the buildings had a grungy and unique appearance when compared to most other popular Atlanta shopping strips.

A view from the street of the left corner of the main plaza and some of the surrounding stores.
Source: Google Street View Images

Most of the store fronts had shabby weathered paint jobs and metal bars visible through their doors or windows. The items displayed in the shops’ windows were in many cases different from the conventional items commonly showcased in store windows. For example, after I had walked by the ten shops on the strip I had seen luchador masks, spiritual items, marijuana leaves, traditional African masks, and vintage children’s toys exhibited through windows.

After observing the exterior of each of the individual businesses and the areas around them, I began browsing from the inside. I opened the door to Crystal Blue, stepped inside, and found myself immediately greeted by a woman standing behind a u-shaped glass display case in the center of the baby blue store. Natural light flooded into the space through the large store front windows, and the air was filled with the faint tones of ambient music and hushed sounds produced by three people as they gently browsed the merchandise.

View of the Crystal Blue store from the front.
Source: Crystal Blue Official MySpace Page

Healing crystals were the central product of this shop, set out individually in the display cases or grouped together by kind inside of plastic buckets in the front section of the building. The crystals were available in numerous sizes, shapes, colors, designs, textures, and transparencies and labeled with a handwritten description of their healing properties. The store also had an abundant selection of meditation supplies and spiritual books to offer, occupying the space in the rear section on both left and right sides of the display cases. I exited from the building and continued a few doors down the strip to Criminal Records. The shop had a long and narrow rectangular shape layout, and the checkout area was just to the left as I entered. Once the door had closed behind me, a young man in casual clothing standing behind the checkout counter promptly informed me that he would need to hold my purse in the front while I browsed the store. Alternative rock music rained down on everyone in the store from speakers mounted above. The entire store was well lit, however artificial yellow light dominated the space, as the light from outside did not reach the end of the long store. The sources of the artificial light were concert style light fixtures on the ceiling, and the decoration style was modern and alternative.

A view of the interior layout of Criminal Records.
Source: Google Street View Images

There were several rows of wood and metal shelving, racks, and boxes lined with CDs, vinyl records, and comic books sorted by alphabetical order and genre. The store was stocked with new items sealed in their original packaging, with the exception of a small selection of used items located in the very back. A tall, thin man in his twenties wearing glasses and nice clothing was meticulously searching through the used records section. The only other people in the store were the cashier and two other male employees in the comic books section up front. As I slowly moved closer to the counter to pick up my purse, the unintelligible murmurs between the two employees in the comic book section took the form of a crisp conversation about potential new items for the store. I continued past them, and the cashier returned my purse. I exited the store facing the plaza and sat down on an empty bench. From my seat, I watched people go about their business in the plaza and along the strip for about thirty minutes. Seven or eight people went from store to store accumulating shopping bags along the way, some traveling in groups and others alone. A man with a youthful face but tired eyes in raggedy clothing pushed his belongings down the sidewalk alongside the road in a wobbly shopping cart. A woman laid curled up on the concrete with her head hidden beneath her arms and rested on a worn down book bag. A man who sported aviator sunglasses, Doc Marten boots, and a thick brown mustache walked through the plaza with a rhythmic stride, past the sleeping woman, carried a plastic shopping bag with a denim jacket spilling over the edges.

Reorganization/Optimization of Blog

Good organization is the most important factor in creating a website. If a website has poor organization, it can be very difficult to find any of the content. Menus are a very effective method you can use in organizing a website. It is important to have enough menu items, without creating so many that the menu bar feels overcrowded. If you don’t have enough menu items, this can lead to too many submenus, causes confusion of where to find things. On the other hand, an overcrowded menu with a ton of items is unpleasant to look at and use. I thought that creating a menu item for each of the categories required for the class was too overcrowded, therefore I put the projects under a menu item named “Major Projects”, and I put archive categories under a menu item named “Archive”.

Using Word Press to tweak my website to have better organization, I selected “Appearance” and then the submenu “Menus”. Then I created a new Menu and made it the “top menu” so it would appear on my website. Next, I created the required categories for the class which are Artifact, Sound, Image, SOS, Tech, Conversations, SiteDescriptions, ReadingResponses, AnnotatedBibs, Glossary, and ClassNotes by selecting “Posts”, then the submenu “Categories” , and creating the categories. Afterwards, I created the categories Major Projects and Archive to place other categories underneath. Then I returned to the “Menus” area and added the categories to my Main Menu, and I organized them the way I wanted them to appear on my website by dragging and dropping them to the ideal order and hierarchy.

Personal Site Response: Doll’s Head Trail

After following a series of fishing bobbers glued to trees for half a mile down the main trail of Constitution Lakes Park, I arrived at the Doll’s Head Trail loop. From a distance, I noticed an assortment of concentrated objects while entering the trail. The atmosphere felt eerie to me, as I was relatively deep in the woods surrounded by strange objects. After more investigation, I noticed that each group of objects was put together by someone to represent something specific as opposed to being placed randomly without purpose. This changed my impression of the trail and the arrangements present from a general island of misfit toys to messages conveyed by artists through the medium of trash. Some of these displays, such as a doll resembling Chucky seemingly burned at the stake, seemed less meaningful and more amusing and disturbing for the purpose of intriguing the viewer. However, others were artistic expressions of personal opinions like a hollow television containing a popped basketball, camp fuel, an electronic device, a golf ball, and a can with the phrases, “FIERY RHETORIC”, “BURNT VISION”, “TOO MUCH SPORTS”, “ADS”, “STAY”, and “GADGETS WE DON’T NEED” written on them. Through this, the artist expressed to me that television programs are full of worthless things. The screen flashes things at us to attract our attention so that we stay, but gives us little useful substance. While dolls and doll heads were fairly common along the trail, I was surprised that there were not more. The name “Doll’s Head Trail” led me to believe that the purpose of the loop was art made from doll’s heads. However, analyzing it as a whole, I believe that the purpose of the doll heads is to draw people in so that there is an audience to receive the artists’ messages. Then the purpose of Doll’s Head Trail itself is to give people an open place to leave messages for other people to inspect and digest. Even after looking at all of the art and reading positive messages and quotes written on the objects, the place still had an eerie feeling. The swampy land and the old items gave me a heavy and strange feeling throughout my walk around the loop. Then leaving the trail, a stray dog ran at me, stared at me for a few seconds, and then ran back into the brush. This experience left me feeling much more spooked about the place than when I had first arrived.  However, I did manage to leave my mark like all of the other artists who have contributed to the collection that makes up Doll’s Head Trail.

Focused Built Environment Description: Doll’s Head Trail

After following the main trail at Constitution Lakes Park for around half a mile, you stumble upon a densely concentrated assortment of weathered down objects. A sign names this location as Doll’s Head Trail. From a distance, it is easy to misinterpret the objects and assume the space is used for dumping trash. However, when you take a closer look it becomes clear that the clusters of objects were purposefully arranged together. The groups of items consist primarily of common garbage such as beat up car parts, broken sporting equipment, grimy children’s toys, shoes missing their match, rusted metal, fragmented electronic devices, and mucky bottles. For the most part, these objects are grouped together and laid out constructing an image. For instance, a plastic toy motorcycle and car whose paint jobs have become extremely faded by the elements rest in the leaves side by side. Inside of the car, there is a dirty baby doll in a twisted position with a cell phone and a glass bottle. The hood of the car, somewhat sunken into the ground, reads “DON’T DRINK & TEXT & DRIVE”. The most frequently recurring articles on the main loop of the trail are segments of grungy baby dolls. The first doll to greet you as you continue following the trail has missing limbs, appears to be charred, and is raised approximately three feet in the air by a wooden stake through its body.  The dolls you subsequently meet are not as boldly placed. Many of them are simply the heads of dolls, nestled into trees or resting on the ground, decorated by sharpie markings.  A significant number of the other objects on the trail have permanent marker writing on them as well. The writing is typically related to the articles themselves and is part of a bigger picture. For example, a popped basketball with the words, “TOO MUCH SPORTS” inscribed on it was placed inside of the frame of an old television. The writing on the objects along the loop must have been done by many different people because there is a wide variety of dissimilar handwriting throughout. The relation between the items and the text written on them in combination with the clearly deliberate placement of each article indicates that the people responsible are trying to convey something to their audience of people walking the trail.

Syllabus and Course Info Quiz

What are the major projects? In a bulleted list, provide links to the project descriptions for each of them.

How will your final grade be calculated? Your final grade is calculated by adding up all of the points you have earned for doing things such as attending class, completing in-class work, completing class prep, major projects, and contributing to the archive about the built environment of Atlanta. Then 100 points are subtracted for each missed class. The points are all added up and a letter grade is assigned based on where the points your earned lie on the range of points assigned to each letter.

What happens if you don’t complete one of the major projects? Failure to complete any of the major projects will result in an automatic grade of “D” or lower meaning that you will have to re-take the class.

What is the “submission form” and how do you use it? Embed the form below your answer (hint: Google “embed Google form” to find out how).

Embed the course calendar and weekly overview below this question.

Where on the course website can you find an overview of what’s due and the readings for each unit? In the Calendar tab if you select Units Overview, you will be directed to a section where the weeks are grouped together as units and the readings and due dates for projects are listed.

What is the best way to see an overview of what’s due each week? The best way to view an overview of what’s due each week is to check the weekly overview. To view the weekly overview click here. 

What is the attendance policy? The attendance policy is to show up to every class and to arrive on time. You will lose 100 points for unexcused absences. Arriving to class late may result in a deduction of 50-100 points.

What is one way you can lose points? You can lose points for missing class, failing to turn in a project on time, coming to class unprepared, etc., etc.

What are my office hours, the office hours of the two community instructors, and how do you make an appointment to see one of us outside of  class?

Dr. Wharton – Office: 25 Park Place #2434 Office Hours: T/Th 9-11 am, W 9-10 am

Mrs. Arrington  – Office: 25 Park Place, 22d floor Office Hours: M/W 1-3 pm

Ms. Rose – Office: 25 Park Place, 22d floor Office Hours: M/W 10:30 am-12:30 pm

How do you earn participation credit? Provide a link to the instructions/guidelines for participation.  You can earn general participation points by keeping up with class preparation each week. Further, at any time during the course of the semester, you are invited to complete and submit work for extra participation points. Click here to see the instructions/guidelines for participation. 

How many points can you earn by participating in or organizing a study group session? By participating in or organizing a study group session, you can receive 20 points (instructors reserve the right to assign more points for impressively substantial, quality entries). You must fill out a “submission form” for extra points.

How can you be assured of earning an “A” in this course? Once you complete all of the major projects and class prep, and accrue 5,985 points, you will automatically receive an A in the course.

What are the minimum requirements for earning a passing grade of “C”? If you complete and earn the minimum points for all of the major projects, complete all of the class prep, and attend every class, you will earn at least 2,200 points and a grade of “C.”

What do you do if you’re not sure how to document your participation in order to earn points? If you ever have questions about what kind of evidence you need to provide to document your participation and how to submit it, stop by during office hours or ask the question before or after class.

What are the Unit 1 readings and which one is your group assigned to focus on for the Unit 1 Reading Response? The Unit 1 readings are “Parting Ways” by James Deetz and “Introduction,” from Invitation to Vernacular Architecture by Thomas Carter and Elizabeth Collins Cromley. My group is assigned “Parting Ways” to focus on for the Unit 1 Reading Response.